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Atlas Terraform Provider v0.4.0: HashiCorp partnerships, versioned migrations and more

· 5 min read
Tran Minh Giau


Today we are very excited to announce the release of Atlas Terraform Provider v0.4.0. This release brings some exciting new features and improvements to the provider which we will describe in this post.

In addition, this release is the first to be published under our new partnership with HashiCorp as a Technology Partner. Atlas is sometimes described as a "Terraform for Databases", so we have high hopes that this partnership will help us to bring many opportunities to create better ways for integrating database schema management into IaC workflows.

What's new

When people first hear about integrating schema management into declarative workflows, many raise the concern that because making changes to the database is a high-risk operation, they would not trust a tool to do it automatically.

This is a valid concern, and this release contains three new features that we believe will help to address it:

  • SQL plan printing
  • Versioned migrations support
  • Migration safety verification

SQL Plan Printing

In previous versions of the provider, we displayed the plan as a textual diff showing which resources are added, removed or modified. With this version, the provider will also print the SQL statements that will be executed as part of the plan.

For example, suppose we have the following schema:

schema "market" {
charset = "utf8mb4"
collate = "utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci"
comment = "A schema comment"

table "users" {
schema =
column "id" {
type = int
column "name" {
type = varchar(255)
primary_key {
columns = [

And our Terraform module looks like this:

terraform {
required_providers {
atlas = {
source = "ariga/atlas"
version = "0.4.0"

provider "atlas" {}

data "atlas_schema" "market" {
src = file("${path.module}/schema.hcl")
dev_db_url = "mysql://root:pass@localhost:3307"

resource "atlas_schema" "market" {
hcl =
url = "mysql://root:pass@localhost:3306"
dev_db_url = "mysql://root:pass@localhost:3307"

When we run terraform plan we will see the following output:

Plan: 1 to add, 0 to change, 0 to destroy.

│ Warning: Atlas Plan

│ with,
│ on line 17, in resource "atlas_schema" "market":
│ 17: resource "atlas_schema" "market" {

│ The following SQL statements will be executed:

│ -- add new schema named "market"
│ -- create "users" table
│ CREATE TABLE `market`.`users` (`id` int NOT NULL, `name` varchar(255) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (`id`)) CHARSET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci

Versioned migrations

Atlas supports two types of workflows: Declarative and Versioned. With declarative workflows, the plan to migrate the database is generated automatically at runtime. Versioned migrations provide teams with a more controlled workflow where changes are planned, checked-in to source control and reviewed ahead of time. Until today, the Terraform provider only supported the declarative workflow. This release adds support for versioned migrations as well.

Suppose we have the following migration directory of two files:

CREATE TABLE `users` (
`id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`age` bigint(20) NOT NULL,
`name` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8mb4_bin NOT NULL,
UNIQUE KEY `age` (`age`)
20221101163823_create_users.sql h1:mZirkpXBoLLm+M73EbHo07muxclifb70fhWQFfqxjD4=

We can use the Terraform Atlas provider to apply this migration directory to a database:

terraform {
required_providers {
atlas = {
source = "ariga/atlas"
version = "0.4.0"

provider "atlas" {}

// The `atlas_migration` data source loads the current state of the given database
// with regard to the migration directory.
data "atlas_migration" "hello" {
dir = "migrations?format=atlas"
url = "mysql://root:pass@localhost:3306/hello"

// The `atlas_migration` resource applies the migration directory to the database.
resource "atlas_migration" "hello" {
dir = "migrations?format=atlas"
version = data.atlas_migration.hello.latest # Use latest to run all migrations
url = data.atlas_migration.hello.url
dev_url = "mysql://root:pass@localhost:3307/test"

Running terraform plan will show the following output:

data.atlas_migration.hello: Reading...
data.atlas_migration.hello: Read complete after 0s [id=migrations?format=atlas]

Terraform used the selected providers to generate the following execution plan.
Resource actions are indicated with the following symbols:
+ create

Terraform will perform the following actions:

# atlas_migration.hello will be created
+ resource "atlas_migration" "hello" {
+ dev_url = (sensitive value)
+ dir = "migrations?format=atlas"
+ id = (known after apply)
+ status = (known after apply)
+ url = (sensitive value)
+ version = "20221101163823"

Plan: 1 to add, 0 to change, 0 to destroy.


Atlas provides extensive support for linting database schemas. This release adds support for linting schemas as part of the Terraform plan. This means that you can now run terraform plan and see if there are any linting errors in your schema. This is especially useful when you are using the versioned migrations workflow, as you can now run terraform plan to see if there are any linting errors in your schema before you apply the changes.

Suppose we add the following migration:


If we run terraform plan on the above schema, Terraform prints the following warning:

│ Warning: data dependent changes detected

│ with atlas_migration.hello,
│ on line 20, in resource "atlas_migration" "hello":
│ 20: resource "atlas_migration" "hello" {

│ File: 20221101165036_change_unique.sql

│ - MF101: Adding a unique index "NAME" on table "users" might fail in case column
│ "name" contains duplicate entries

Atlas detected that the migration may fail in case the column name contains duplicate entries! This is a very useful warning that can help you avoid unpredicted failed deployments. Atlas supports many more safety checks, which you can read about here.

Wrapping up

In this blogpost we have discussed three new features that were added to the Terraform Atlas provider that are designed to make it safer and more predictable to manage your database schemas with Terraform. We hope you will enjoy this release!

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